ALLTAGSHELDEN: Warum „Anna“ Hazare hungert; Er hat die wichtigen Inder gegen sich. Die Regierungspolitiker in ihren Limousinen, arrogant. Der Siegeszug des indischen Aktivisten Anna Hazare ist ein Phänomen. Seit Jahrzehnten hat niemand so die Massen mobilisieren können wie der Jährige . Find and save anna hazare Memes | from Instagram, Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter & More.
Hij zou alleen worden vrijgelaten, indien hij zou beloven niet opnieuw in hongerstaking te gaan. Als reactie hierop begon Hazare zijn hongerstaking in de gevangenis, waar hij vrijwillig verbleef.
Op 19 augustus verliet hij de gevangenis en zette hij zijn hongerstaking voort  Pas nadat het Indiase parlement tijdens haar beraadslagingen over een anti-corruptiewet bereidheid had getoond om op wezenlijke eisen van Hazare in te gaan, brak hij op 28 augustus zijn hongerstaking af.
Toegejuicht door tienduizenden aanhangers nam hij in het centrum van New Delhi een paar slokjes kokosmelk en honing tot zich.
Onder zijn eisen was vooral de oprichting van een onafhankelijke instantie die alle ministers, afgevaardigden en ambtenaren controleert alsook de instelling van ombudsmannen in alle 29 Indiase deelstaten.
Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie. Overgenomen van " https: Weergaven Lezen Bewerken Geschiedenis. Informatie Gebruikersportaal Snelcursus Hulp en contact Donaties.
Hulpmiddelen Links naar deze pagina Verwante wijzigingen Bestand uploaden Speciale pagina's Permanente koppeling Paginagegevens Wikidata-item Deze pagina citeren.
Foreign Policy magazine named him among top global thinkers in Kisan Baburao Hazare was born on 15 June  some sources say 15 January  in Bhingar , near Ahmednagar.
He was the eldest son of Baburao Hazare and Laxmi Bai. He has two sisters and four brothers. He later adopted the name Anna , which in Marathi means "elder person" or "father".
His father worked as an unskilled labourer in Ayurveda Ashram Pharmacy [ citation needed ] and struggled to support the family financially.
In time, the family moved to their ancestral village of Ralegan Siddhi , where they owned a small amount of agricultural land.
A relative took on the burden of providing Kisan with an education, taking him to Mumbai because the village had no primary school.
The relative became unable financially to continue the support and Kisan's schooling ended in the Standard Seventh grade; his siblings never attended school.
Hazare was drafted in the Indian Army in April , where he initially worked as an army truck driver and was later attested as a soldier.
He was the sole survivor of an enemy attack—variously claimed to have been a bomb, an aerial assault and an exchange of fire at the border—while he was driving a truck.
He considered suicide at one point but turned instead to pondering the meaning of life and death. I felt that God wanted me to stay alive for some reason.
I was reborn in the battlefield of Khem Karan. And I decided to dedicate my new life to serving people. During his fifteen-year career in the army —75 ,  Anna Hazare was posted at several locations, including Punjab Indo Pak war , Nagaland , Bombay and Jammu .
During the Indo pak war, Hazare survived a road crash while driving for the army. He interpreted his survival as a further sign that his life was intended to be dedicated to service.
He had a miraculous escape as he had gone out to return nature's call and hence turned out to be the lone survivor. Official records show that he was honourably discharged in after completing 12 years of service.
Hazare returned to Ralegan Siddhi , a village then described by Satpathy and Mehta as "one of the many villages of India plagued by acute poverty, deprivation, a fragile ecosystem, neglect and hopelessness.
Although most of the villagers owned some land, cultivation was extremely difficult due to the rocky ground preventing retention of the monsoon rains, this situation was worsened by gradual environmental deterioration as trees were cut down, erosion spread and droughts were also experienced.
The shortage of water also led to disease from unsanitary conditions and water reuse for multiple purposes.
The economy of the village had become reliant on the illegal manufacture and sale of alcohol, a product on which many of the villagers had become dependent.
Crime and violence including domestic violence had become commonplace, while education and employment opportunities were poor.
Hazare was relatively wealthy because of the gratuity from his army service. He set about using that money to restore a run-down, vandalised village temple as a focal point for the community.
Some were able to respond with small financial donations but many other villagers, particularly among the elderly, donated their labour in a process that became known as shramdaan.
Some youths also became involved in the work and these he organised into a Tarun Mandal Youth Association. One of the works of Vivekananda which he had read was Call to the youth for nation building.
Hazare and the youth group decided to take up the issue of alcoholism to drive a process of reform. At a meeting conducted in the temple, the villagers resolved to close down liquor dens and ban alcohol in the village.
Since these resolutions were made in the temple, they became, in a sense, religious commitments. Over thirty liquor brewing units voluntarily closed their establishments.
Those who did not succumb to social pressure were forced to close their businesses when the youth group smashed their premises. The owners could not complain as their businesses were illegal.
Once 3 drunken villagers were tied to pillars and then flogged , personally by Hazare with his army belt. He justified this punishment by stating that "rural India was a harsh society",  and that.
Doesn't a mother administer bitter medicines to a sick child when she knows that the medicine can cure her child? The child may not like the medicine, but the mother does it only because she cares for the child.
The alcoholics were punished so that their families would not be destroyed. In the state government amended the Bombay Prohibition Act, to reflect this.
It was decided to ban the sale of tobacco, cigarettes, and beedies an unfiltered cigarette where the tobacco is rolled in tendu also known as Diospyros melanoxylon leaves instead of paper in the village.
To implement this resolution, the youth group performed a unique " Holi " ceremony twenty two years ago. The youth group brought all the tobacco, cigarettes, and beedies from the shops in the village and burnt them in a Holi fire.
Tobacco, cigarettes, or beedies are no longer sold. In , Hazare started the Grain Bank at the temple, with the objective of providing food security to needy farmers during times of drought or crop failure.
Rich farmers, or those with surplus grain production, could donate a quintal to the bank. In times of need, farmers could borrow the grain, but they had to return the amount of grain they borrowed, plus an additional quintal as an interest.
This ensured that nobody in the village ever went hungry or had to borrow money to buy grain. This also prevented distress sales of grain at lower prices at harvest time.
Ralegan Siddhi is located in the foothills, so Hazare persuaded villagers to construct a watershed embankment and associated works to stop water and allow it to percolate and increase the ground water level and improve irrigation in the area.
These efforts solved the problem of water scarcity in the village and made irrigation possible. Cultivation of water-intensive crops like sugarcane was banned.
Crops such as pulses , oilseeds , and certain cash crops with low water requirements replaced them. The farmers started growing high-yield varieties and changed cropping pattern.
Hazare has helped farmers of more than 70 villages in drought-prone regions in the state of Maharashtra since In , Ralegan Siddhi got its first formal school, a single classroom primary school.
By , out of an estimated population of 1,, only Boys moved to the nearby towns of Shirur and Parner to pursue higher education, but girls were limited to primary education.
Hazare, along with the youth of Ralegan Siddhi, worked to increase literacy rates and education levels. In they started a pre-school and a high school in The villagers formed a charitable trust , the Sant Yadavbaba Shikshan Prasarak Mandal , which was registered in The social barriers and discrimination that existed due to the caste system in India have been largely eliminated by Ralegan Siddhi villagers.
It was Hazare's moral leadership that motivated and inspired the villagers to shun untouchability and caste discrimination.
Marriages of Dalits are held as part of community marriage program together with those of other castes. The Dalits have become integrated into the social and economic life of the village.
The upper caste villagers built houses for the lower caste Dalits by shramdaan and helped to repay their loans. The Gandhian philosophy on rural development considers the Gram Sabha as an important democratic institution for collective decision-making in the villages of India.
The state government initially refused, but eventually gave in to public pressure. It became mandatory to seek the sanction of the Gram Sabha an assembly of all village adults, and not just the few elected representatives in the gram panchayat for expenditures on development works in the village.
In the same year he protested against the collusion between 40 forest officials and timber merchants. This protest resulted in the transfer and suspension of these officials.
Hazare wrote a letter to then chief minister Manohar Joshi demanding Gholap's removal for his role in alleged malpractices in the Awami Merchant Bank.
He ended his fast on 17 August after then chief minister Sushil Kumar Shinde formed a one-man commission headed by the retired justice P. Sawant to probe his charges.
The report exonerated Vijaykumar Gavit. Jain and Malik resigned from the cabinet in March Three trusts headed by Anna Hazare were also indicted in the P.
In the early s Hazare led a movement in Maharashtra state which forced the state government to enact a revised Maharashtra Right to Information Act.
It also ensured that the President of India assented to this new Act. On 20 July the Union Cabinet amended the Right to Information Act to exclude the file noting by the government officials from its purview.
Hazare began his fast unto death on 9 August in Alandi against the proposed amendment. He ended his fast on 19 August , after the government agreed to change its earlier decision.
Before in the state of Maharashtra, honest government officers were transferred to other places according to ministerial wish, while some corrupt and favoured officials stayed put for decades.
Anna fought hard for a law whereby a government servant must clear a file within a specified time and that transfers must take place only after three years.
After many years of Anna's relentless efforts, on 25 May Maharashtra issued a notification announcing the Prevention of Delay in Discharge of Official Duties Act This act provided for disciplinary action against officials who move files slowly and enabled monitoring of officials who overstay a post, and for involvement in a corrupt nexus.
This act mandated the government to effect transfers of all government officers and employees, except Class IV workers, no sooner and no later than three years, except in emergency or exceptional circumstances.
Maharashtra was the first state to have introduced such an act. Article 47 of India's Constitution commits the State to raise the standard of living, improve public health and prohibit the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs injurious to health.
In Maharashtra rolled out a grain-based liquor policy aimed to encourage production of liquor from food grain in light of the rising demand for spirits—used for industrial purposes and liquor.
It issued 36 licenses for distilleries for making alcohol from food grains. Anna Hazare opposed the government's policy to promote making liquor from food grains.
He argued that Maharashtra had to import food and referring to food grains observed that promoting producing liquor from food grains was nappropriate.
On 20 August Maharashtra stopped the policy. However, distilleries sanctioned before that date and those who started production within two years of sanction were entitled for subsidies.
On 5 May court refused to hear the suit, saying, "not before me, this is a court of law, not a court of justice" as a reason for not hearing the plea.
Sangeet Rao, stated that no law existed to scrap these licences. In , Hazare participated in the satyagraha movement campaigning for the passing a stronger anti-corruption Lokpal ombudsman bill in the Indian parliament.
The draft incorporated more stringent provisions and gave wider power to the Lokpal than the government's draft. Hazare began an " indefinite fast "  on 5 April at Jantar Mantar in Delhi as part of the campaign to form a joint committee comprising government and civil society representatives.
He wanted this committee to draft a bill that had more stringent penal provisions and gave more independence to the Lokpal and Lokayukta s ombudsmen in the states.
The fast came after his demand was rejected by the prime minister, Manmohan Singh. The movement attracted attention in the media, and thousands of supporters.
Almost people reportedly joined Hazare in his fast. People showed support in social media. On 8 April the Government accepted the movement's demands.
On 9 April it issued a notification in the Gazette of India on formation of a joint committee. It accepted the formula that it should be co-chaired by a politician and social activist.
The notification stated, "The Joint Drafting Committee shall consist of five nominee ministers of the Government of India and five nominees of the civil society.
The five non-politician nominees were Anna Hazare, N. On the morning of 9 April Hazare ended his hour hunger strike. He addressed the people and set a deadline of 15 August to pass the bill.
Real fight begins now. We have a lot of struggle ahead of us in drafting the new legislation, We have shown the world in just five days that we are united for the cause of the nation.
The youth power in this movement is a sign of hope. Hazare said that if the bill did not pass he would call for a mass nation-wide agitation.
Hazare threatened on 28 July to proceed with his fast-unto-death from the next day on the Jan Lokpal Bill issue. He also stated that country's future is not safe in the hands of Congress and BJP and he would campaign in the coming elections for those with clean background.
During the meeting of the joint drafting committee on 30 May , the Union government members opposed the inclusion of the prime minister, higher judiciary and the acts of the MPs under the purview of the JanLokpal in the draft bill.
Hazare and other civil society members decided to boycott 6 June drafting committee meeting to protest the forcible eviction of Swami Ramdev and his followers by the Delhi Police from Ramlila Maidan on 5 June , while they were on a hunger strike against black money and corruption and doubting the government's seriousness.
On 6 June , the civil society members wrote to Mukherjee, explaining reasons for their absence and also asking government to go public on the major issues.
They also decided to attend only future meetings that were telecast live. He also criticised the Government for putting hurdles in front of the Bill and for maligning the civil society members.
On 28 July the union cabinet approved a draft of the Lokpal Bill, which kept the Prime Minister, judiciary and lower bureaucracy out of the ombudsman's ambit.
Hazare rejected the government version by describing it as "cruel joke" and wrote a letter to Singh announcing his decision to begin an indefinite fast from 16 August at Jantar Mantar, if the government introduced its own version of the bill without taking suggestions from civil society members.
Why are you government sending the wrong draft? We have faith in Parliament. But first send the right draft, our agitation is against government, not Parliament.
The government has overlooked many points. How will it fight corruption by excluding government employees, CBI and prime minister from the Lokpal's purview?
We were told that both the drafts would be sent to the Cabinet. But only the government's draft was sent. This is a deceitful government.
How will they run the country? Now I have no trust in this government. If it is really serious about fighting corruption, why is it not bringing government employees and CBI under Lokpal?
Within twenty four hours of cabinet's endorsement of a weak Lokpal Bill, over ten thousand people from across the country sent faxes directly to the government demanding a stronger bill.
On 1 August , Public interest litigation was filed in the Supreme Court of India by Hemant Patil, a Maharashtra-based social worker and businessman, to restrain Hazare, alleging that Hazare's demands were unconstitutional and amounted to interference in the legislative process.
On 16 August , Hazare was arrested, four hours before the planned indefinite hunger strike. Later in the afternoon, Hazare refused bail. The magistrate dispatched him to Tihar jail for seven days.
Opposition parties came out against the arrest, likening the government action to the emergency imposed in the country in Both houses of Parliament adjourned over the issue.
After four hours in detention he was released unconditionally on a request by the police, but refused to leave Tihar Jail. After his arrest, Hazare received support from people across the country.
There were reports of "nearly demonstrations and protests by Anna supporters across the country". On 20 August thousands came to show their support for Hazare,  while "his advisers made television appearances to rally public support and defend themselves against criticism that their protest campaign and refusal to compromise is undermining India's parliamentary process.
He [Hazare] has the right to protest and dissent. But nobody can claim it as an absolute right and deny the right of dissent to others. The Congress party confirmed that Maharashtra Additional Chief Secretary Home Umesh Chandra Sarangi who has a history of mediating between Hazare and officials was meeting with him again "to find points of consensus and defuse the situation".
Despite this he stated, "I will not withdraw my hunger strike until the Jan Lokpal bill is passed in the Parliament. I can die but I will not bend. He was admitted to Medanta Medicity, Gurgaon for post-fast care.
A judge noted that there was no public interest in the petition. In , Hazare demanded an amendment to the electoral law to incorporate the option of None of the above in the electronic voting machines during the Indian elections.
He is expecting to address various issues, including electoral reforms such as the right to reject a candidate. Their basic job was to disturb national security.
The example of Ajay Chautala now convicted for corruption was cited as " In effect, Anna and his team are campaigning for Ajay Chautala effectively the first candidate put up for election by the India Against Corruption movement ".
In a press conference in April , Hazare praised Narendra Modi , the chief minister of Gujarat and Nitish Kumar , chief minister of Bihar for their efforts on rural development, saying that other chief ministers should emulate them.
He urged Modi to appoint a Lokayukta. He also commented that the media had projected an incorrect image of Vibrant Gujarat. The government of the state of Maharashtra instituted a Commission of Inquiry under Justice PB Sawant in September to enquire into allegations of corruption against several people, including four ministers in the state as well as the "Hind Swaraj Trust" headed by Hazare.
The Commission submitted its report on 22 February , indicting the Trust for corruptly spending Rs. Hazare's lawyer Milind Pawar responded that the commission had remarked about "irregularities" in the accounts, but had not held him guilty of any "corrupt" practices.
Pawar said that on 16 June , a celebration was organised to congratulate Hazare on winning an award from a US—based NGO and it coincided with his 61st birthday.
The trust spent Rs , for the function. Abhay Phirodia, a Pune-based industrialist, who took the initiative to organise this function donated an amount of Rs , to the trust by cheque soon afterwards.
An article written in Kolkata Telegraph by Ramchandra Guha stated that environmental journalist Mukul Sharma claimed that Hazare forced the Dalit families in Ralegan Siddhi to adopt a vegetarian diet, and that those who violated the decree were tied to a post and flogged.
Dalit columnist Chandrabhan Prasad opined that Hazare's anti-corruption movement rejected representative democracy and alleged that it was an upper-caste uprising.
He also claimed that centralising powers in Lokapal, which was a non-elected entity, was anti-democratic.
Dalit activist Kancha Ilaiah commented in a similar fashion, that "The Anna movement is an anti-social justice, manuvadi movement. The Dalits, tribals, OBCs and minorities have nothing to do with it.
And as a dalit, I have a problem with it. There was also an allegation that an RTI activist was denied permission to protest by having a fast-unto-death at Ralegan Siddhi , the grama sabha stating that the reason was that only Hazare can hold such fasts in his village.